Prostate cancer is really a ailment that takes place in the male reproductive system. This cancer is quite popular as by far the most reasons for death in america.
The prostate itself is accountable for production of semen. Anatomically, the prostate gland is found involving the bladder and rectum, so sometimes in diagnosed the illness we need finger rectal examination besides PSA blood test.
Early symptoms of prostate cancer nearly often overlooked, because it is usually without symptoms. This can be one answer for that question why this usually located in men aged 50 years along with the normally diagnosed within the seventies. Indeed in accordance with the age, symptom which had been not visible will probably be visible. a frequent complaint expressed by people who have the disease is pain, especially when you urinate, sometimes you will found bleeding in urination, and the presence of erection problems.
The proper diagnosis of prostate cancer is taken through physical examination or having a blood test named PSA. This Prostate Specific Antigen, may be the antigen if this found in someone`s blood, the doctor will suspect him suffer the cancer. Later the suspicions of prostate specific antigen is going to be confirmed through taking a tissue biopsy.
Appropriate prostate cancer treatment for prostate cancer is still under debate. Treatment methods vary, according to the stage. In the early stages can be used prostatectomy (elimination of prostate) and radiation therapy. If prostate cancer has spread, hormonal manipulation can be achieved (reduce testosterone levels through the removal of drugs or even the testis) or chemotherapy.
1. Radical prostatectomy (removal of the prostate gland).
Often performed on stage cancer A and B. The procedure is long and it is usually performed under general anesthesia or spinal. An incision is manufactured inside the abdomen or perineal area, as well as the patient was required to undergo hospital remedy for 5-one week. Complications that could happen is the fact that impo-tence and incontinence uri. In patients who are still active s-ex life, can be done Potency-sparing radical prostatectomy.
2. Orkiektomi (elimination of the testes, castration).
Appointment of two testes have decreased testosterone levels, but this treatment causes psychological and physical effects that will not really tolerated by the patients. Orkiektomi is an efficient treatment, will not require re-treatment, compared to cheaper drugs and after undergoing orkiektomi patient did not need prostatitis treatment. Orkiektomi usually done around the cancer that had spread.
Radiation therapy used primarily to deal with cancer of your, B and C. Usually if the danger of surgical treatment is too high, then do radiation therapy. Radiation therapy to the prostate gland can be carried out in many ways:
1. External radiation therapy performed in hospitals with no need to undergo hospitalization. Side effects such as decreased appetite, fatigue, skin reactions (including redness and irritation), injury or burns for the rectum, diarrhea, cystitis (bladder infection) and hematuria. External radiation therapy is usually done around five times / week for 6-8 weeks.
2. Transplant iodine beads, gold or iridium radioactive directly on prostate tissue via a small incision. The advantage of this kind of radiation therapy is that radiation is directed directly to the prostate with tissue damage from the surrounding smaller.
1. Hormonal manipulation
The target is to reduce the amount of testosterone. Reduction in testosterone levels tend to be quite effective in preventing the expansion and spread of cancer. Hormonal manipulation is principally accustomed to alleviate symptoms without curing prostate cancer, namely cancer in patients that have been spreading.
Synthetic drug whose function resembles luteinizing hormone Releasing Hormone (LHRH), the better commonly used to deal with advanced prostate cancer. An illustration is the lupron or zoladeks.
These drugs suppress the formation of stimulating the testes to testosterone (this is known as chemical castration since it has got the same result with the removal of the testes). Drugs given such as injections, usually every 3 months. Along side it effects are nausea and vomiting, flushed face, anemia, protatitis and impo-tence.
Other drugs employed for hormonal treatment therapy is androgen inhibitor (eg flutamid), which function to prevent the attachment of testosterone on prostate cells. The side effects are impot-ence, liver disorders, diarrhea, and gynecomastia (enlarged breasts).
Chemotherapy is normally used to treat symptoms of prostate cancer is immune to hormonal therapy. Usually given just one drug or blend of several drugs to eliminate cancer cells.
Drugs that could utilized to treat prostate cancer is:
One side effects vary and depend upon the drugs given. You need to carefully look at the benefits and side effects of both treatments to discover the 3d prostate treatment options that fit together with you.