Using prefabrication materials, or “prefab”, dramatically speeds up construction time, lowers material costs and increases quality assurance.
Prefab means any part of prefab house which has been assembled offsite within a factory or manufacturing facility and transported in complete or sub-assemblies towards the construction site. It is actually a broad term and identifies a number of different systems or processes, including structural, architectural and services elements.
Prefabaus – the peak body for Australia’s off-site construction industry – breaks up prefab into two main families, 2D prefab and 3D prefab. They can be used in conjunction with the other, independently or with traditional construction methods.
2D prefab is comprised of pre-cut, pre-sized, pre-moulded or pre-shaped components that are assembled or set up on steel structure warehouse. They often arrive as flat-packed panels or non-volumetric systems, ready for assembly. They could make up the building envelope, stair cores, internal load bearing walls or lighter partitions. They could be 98dexppky or closed panel systems, precast concrete panels or some other panel types. 2D prefab is simpler to move, lends itself to mass customisation and possesses infinite construction options, coupled with speed of assembly.
3D prefab systems are three-dimensional structural units that happen to be combined at site along with other units or systems, or might comprise a complete small building. They include pods, which can be generally not structural modules, such as bathroom or kitchen pods. They may be a rapid strategy to build, as they possibly can be manufactured concurrent with site preparation, and may arrive at your location almost complete. 3D prefab systems may be joined together to produce larger spaces and they are increasingly demonstrating remarkable ability to visit prefab homes. The elements of 3D prefab could be structural elements, architectural elements or services elements, or they can be a hybrid of such.